Burning Mouth Syndrome – Treatment, Causes, Remedies, Pictures

What is Burning Mouth Syndrome?

Burning mouth syndrome or BMS is an excruciating, exasperating problem usually characterized by a burning feeling inside the tongue, lips, palate, or all over the mouth. Even though everyone can have BMS, it usually happens in women in their middle or late years.

BMS usually happens with a variety of health and teeth problems, from lack of nutrition and menopause to mouth dryness and allergic reactions. Although their relationship is uncertain, and the precise origin of burning mouth syndrome cannot be diagnosed with sureness.

Causes & Risk Factors

The following are the number of probable causes and risk factors of burning mouth syndrome:

  1. Nerve damage especially to the ones who are responsible for pain and taste perception
  2. Changes in the hormonal patterns
  3. Drying of the mouth that can be brought about by medications and disorders like diabetes
  4. Lack of nutrition
  5. Oral candidiasis (fungal infection)
  6. Backflow of acid from the stomach
  7. Loose fitting dentures or hypersensitivity to denture supplies
  8. nervousness and despair

In several patients, burning mouth syndrome may encompass two or more origins. But generally, the precise origin of their symptoms is still unknown.

Symptoms & Signs

Moderate to severe scalding sensation in the mouth is the most important characteristic of BMS and might continue for months to years. For a lot of patients, the scalding feeling starts in late sunrise, hit the highest point by sundown, and usually diminish at nighttime. Several patients experience pain regularly; for others, pain is intermittent. Worry and despair are frequent in people with burning mouth syndrome and might lead to their life-long pain.

Other symptoms of burning mouth syndrome may involve:

  1. tingling  sensation or lack of sensation on the tip of the tongue or inside the mouth
  2. bitter or metallic taste
  3. dry mouth or mouth sore


Burning Mouth Syndrome images

Burning Mouth Syndrome Images


Treatment is ought to be customized to your needs. Probable treatments will rely on the origin of your BMS symptoms, and it may involve:

  1. Adjustment or replacement of dentures
  2. Managing present disorders like diabetes and thyroid conditions
  3. Prescribing food supplements to treat lack of nutrition
  4. Medication switch if the cause is the drug you are taking

The doctor may prescribe medications indicated to

  1. Ease mouth dryness
  2. Cure oral candidiasis
  3. Ease pain from nerve damage
  4. Ease anxiety and depression

If the cause is unknown, management will be symptomatic and supportive.


These are the following remedies to ease the symptoms of burning mouth syndrome:

1. Regularly sip water or take ice chips

2. Avoid the following that may irritate your mouth:

  • Hot, spicy foods
  • Alcohol containing mouthwash
  • Citrus fruits and juices and food that is highly acidic

3. Chew gum with no sugar or flavor

4. Brush your teeth or dentures with the use of baking soda and water

5. Avoid drinking alcohol and smoking

8 thoughts on “Burning Mouth Syndrome – Treatment, Causes, Remedies, Pictures

  • 12/05/2012 at 8:44 PM

    A good oral care is very essential in preventing burning mouth syndrome. You should also regularly visit your dentist in order to properly adjust and fit your dentures, which could be the problem when other causes are not present.

  • 16/06/2012 at 10:00 PM

    Is it possible that burning mouth syndrome may be a sign of oral cancer? I always experience these so I’m afraid I’m developing a more serious disease.

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  • 25/04/2017 at 12:39 PM

    I have had BMS for over 20 years. Many vitamins & supplements I take daily. Have tried stopping some individually to see if they could be cause.
    Recently I had knee surgery & all vitamins & supplements that could thin my blood were stopped 10 days before surgery. While in the Hosp & home first few days, don’t recall BMS until I took Vitamins this am. BMS is back. I think glucosamine may be the culprit. Anyone else noticed this?

  • 21/12/2017 at 5:44 AM

    My BMS was triggered by using Nutrisse hair conditioner for several minutes on my scalp and hair. Within minutes of using this product, my tongue was burning. I didn’t use it again for a few weeks, then I tried it again. Same reaction with tongue! I think there are so many bad toxic ingredients in that product it is coming through the sensitive skin on my scalp and into my blood stream. I think I have an allergic reaction to this product and maybe other products because my whole mouth is inflamed every day- worse after lunch right till bedtime.

  • 09/07/2019 at 2:02 AM

    I have BMS which was caused by hot tea, its been three days and I don’t know what to use help

  • 23/08/2019 at 12:53 AM

    have a friend with burning mouth syndrome Doctors tell her there is nothing them can do to help her I am trying find out some things for her what can she do I looked a few things up and some people can feel so much better what doctor should be seeing Thank u Janice Collins

  • 12/01/2020 at 6:14 PM

    I have noticed that things such as caffeine that cause dehydration can make it worse. It is worse at night. I always feel as if I have swollen glands in my throat. I noticed these problems, after I was diagnosed with HPylori and had excessive acid build up. This can be one of the conditions that causes BMS. I was examined very thoroughly by my ENT consultant and had xrays , many blood tests and a lip biopsy taken, as they initially thought I had Sjogren’s Syndrome, due to excessive dry mouth and eyes. However, it was not until I spoke with my dentist, who referred me to a specialist dental hospital, that my Oral Consultant diagnosed me. Every time I have an appointment, he thoroughly checks my mouth and glands for anything sinister. He has prescribed me medication and follow-up appointments. Not many people/doctors have really heard about BMS. I think more people need to be made aware of it.


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