What is Burning Mouth Syndrome?
In This Article
Burning mouth syndrome or BMS is an excruciating, exasperating problem usually characterized by a burning feeling inside the tongue, lips, palate, or all over the mouth. Even though everyone can have BMS, it usually happens in women in their middle or late years.
BMS usually happens with a variety of health and teeth problems, from lack of nutrition and menopause to mouth dryness and allergic reactions. Although their relationship is uncertain, and the precise origin of burning mouth syndrome cannot be diagnosed with sureness.
Causes & Risk Factors
The following are the number of probable causes and risk factors of burning mouth syndrome:
- Nerve damage especially to the ones who are responsible for pain and taste perception
- Changes in the hormonal patterns
- Drying of the mouth that can be brought about by medications and disorders like diabetes
- Lack of nutrition
- Oral candidiasis (fungal infection)
- Backflow of acid from the stomach
- Loose fitting dentures or hypersensitivity to denture supplies
- nervousness and despair
In several patients, burning mouth syndrome may encompass two or more origins. But generally, the precise origin of their symptoms is still unknown.
Symptoms & Signs
Moderate to severe scalding sensation in the mouth is the most important characteristic of BMS and might continue for months to years. For a lot of patients, the scalding feeling starts in late sunrise, hit the highest point by sundown, and usually diminish at nighttime. Several patients experience pain regularly; for others, pain is intermittent. Worry and despair are frequent in people with burning mouth syndrome and might lead to their life-long pain.
Other symptoms of burning mouth syndrome may involve:
- tingling sensation or lack of sensation on the tip of the tongue or inside the mouth
- bitter or metallic taste
- dry mouth or mouth sore
Treatment is ought to be customized to your needs. Probable treatments will rely on the origin of your BMS symptoms, and it may involve:
- Adjustment or replacement of dentures
- Managing present disorders like diabetes and thyroid conditions
- Prescribing food supplements to treat lack of nutrition
- Medication switch if the cause is the drug you are taking
The doctor may prescribe medications indicated to
- Ease mouth dryness
- Cure oral candidiasis
- Ease pain from nerve damage
- Ease anxiety and depression
If the cause is unknown, management will be symptomatic and supportive.
These are the following remedies to ease the symptoms of burning mouth syndrome:
1. Regularly sip water or take ice chips
2. Avoid the following that may irritate your mouth:
- Hot, spicy foods
- Alcohol containing mouthwash
- Citrus fruits and juices and food that is highly acidic
3. Chew gum with no sugar or flavor
4. Brush your teeth or dentures with the use of baking soda and water
5. Avoid drinking alcohol and smoking