What is Fetal Alcohol Syndrome?
Alcohol in beer, wine, liquor and other alcoholic beverages is the main cause of physical and psychological congenital abnormalities in the US. The good thing is it can be prevented by not taking alcohol.
When a mother takes alcohol while pregnant, she jeopardizes her baby and may give birth to a child who will suffer the consequences by having physical and psychological abnormalities for life.
Still, a lot of pregnant mothers take alcohol. About one in every 750 children born every year in the US has physical and mental problems related to fetal alcohol syndrome . Additionally another 40,000 infants are born suffering from fetal alcohol effects.
How much alcohol causes Fetal
It is apparent that drinking alcohol while pregnant is harmful. However, what if the mother drinks alcohol only occasionally? How much alcohol causes fetal alcohol syndrome?
No proof at present can verify how much alcohol causes congenital abnormalities. Every women digests alcohol differently. Other things can affect the outcome as well, such as age, duration of drinking, if the drinking is on a regular basis, and if the woman has eaten anything while consuming alcohol.
Complete fetal alcohol syndrome is the consequence of chronic alcoholism while pregnant, whereas fetal alcohol effects may only happen with binge drinking or occasional drinking.
Since alcohol effortlessly passes through the placental barrier and the fetus is less prepared to get rid of alcohol compared to its mother, the fetus is apt to have a higher alcohol concentration, which remains longer compared to when it is in the woman’s body.
Women who take alcohol during their first trimester will give birth to children who have the most serious problems since that is when brain development happens. Once alcohol is present, the connections in the brain of an infant will not develop properly. Unfortunately, in the first trimester most mothers don’t find out that they are pregnantimmediately. That’s why it is necessary for women who are planning to become pregnant maintain a healthy lifestyle prior to pregnancy.
Mothers who do not drink alcohol in the first trimester may drink alcohol in the final trimester. However, there are still a few developmental and mental abnormalities that can happen when the woman drinks alcohol in the second and third trimester. Even occasional and moderate drinking may cause damage to the nervous system that is being developed.
Symptoms and signs
The following are the symptoms and signs of infants who may have fetal alcohol syndrome:
- (LBW) Low Birth Weight
- Head circumference is small
- Presence of failure to thrive
- Delays in development stages
- Organ malfunction
- Abnormalities in the face such as small eye openings, flat cheekbones and underdeveloped groove below the nose
- Occurrence of epilepsy
- Uncoordinated fine or motor abilities
- Lack of ability to socialize, like problems creating and keeping friendships and connecting to groups
- Deficiency in curiosity and imagination
- Learning problems such as poor memory, lack of ability to comprehend time, language and money, difficulty in problem-solving
- Presence of behavioral disorders like hyperactivity, inattention, impulsiveness, stubbornness, anxiety and withdrawal
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Pictures
characterstic facial features of fetal alcohol syndrome
fetal alcohol syndrome symptoms chart picture
Foot nail dystrophy pictures in goldenhar syndrome
Source – primehealthchannel.com
The difficulties related to fetal alcohol syndrome are likely to increase as children age. These can involve psychological disorders, problems with following rules and regulations and dependency.
Children who have fetal alcohol effects are usually not diagnosed. This also pertains to children who have alcohol related neurodevelopmental disorder, a recently documented type of prenatal injury that pertains to children who show only the emotional and behavioral disorders of fetal alcohol syndrome and fetal alcohol effects with no signs of delays in development or physical abnormalities.
Usually, in children who have fetal alcohol effects or alcohol related neurodevelopmental disorder, the behavior can be seen as simple hostility or being stubborn. They may have good scores on IQ tests; however, their behavioral problems usually hinder them in being successful. It is important to have a good education and training for the parents, doctors, teachers and people who took care of these children.
There is no treatment or permanent cure for the abnormalities brought about by fetal alcohol syndrome, however, there are particular defensive measures than can be applied to reduce or avoid the occurrence of minor complications related to fetal alcohol syndrome.
There are no available drugs or pharmaceutical treatments that can oppose the symptoms of fetal alcohol syndrome and other problems related with alcohol congenital abnormalities. There is no treatment to rectify or modify the physical characteristics or brain damage related with alcohol abuse by the mother while pregnant.
However, many of the minor complications that usually occur in people who have fetal alcohol syndrome can be avoided by applying what the National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities terms protective factors.
The following protective factors have been seen to help individuals who are suffering from fetal alcohol spectrum problems:
Early Detection: children who are confirmed earlier have better prognosis compared to those who are not diagnosed early. The earlier a child with fetal alcohol syndrome is positioned in the right educational schools and offered needed social services, the better the prognosis.
Early detection also benefits the family, relatives and educators to comprehend the responses and actions of the child with fetal alcohol syndrome, which can vary broadly from other children in similar conditions.
Social Services and Special Education: studies have revealed that children with fetal alcohol syndrome who have been given special education designed for their particular desires and educational skills are more likely to attain their developmental and learning capabilities. Since children with fetal alcohol syndrome can show an extensive array of seriousness of symptoms, personal learning curricula are significant.
It is also useful if children with fetal alcohol syndrome and their families are given social services like reprieve care, stress debriefing education or action organization education as they typically have more optimistic results than families who do not obtain those types of services.
A milieu that is caring: every child profits from an affectionate, fostering and stable home life, however, children suffering from fetal alcohol syndrome have been seen to be even more affected by disturbances, unstable lifestyles and damaging relations. To stop the minor circumstances connected with fetal alcohol syndrome, children suffering from fetal alcohol syndrome require sustenance from both family and society.
No Aggression: the existence of aggression in the lives of children suffering from fetal alcohol syndrome can influence the probability of their actions later on in life. Research has shown that children with fetal alcohol syndrome who reside in steady and non-violent homes are much less apt to experience problems later in life.
The same is true for children suffering from fetal alcohol syndrome that turn out to be victims of childhood brutality. Children who experience aggression, in any form, are much more apt to have further troubles in their life.